BIERTAN

Biertan is located halfway between Mediaş and Sighisoara, on DN14. Follow the signs in the village of Şaroş on Târnave. You can also reach Biertan and from Agnita [I18], on DJ 141 (towards Mediaş) and then on DJ 141B, through Richiş [I19].   Having perhaps the most photographed fortified church in the area, Biertan is at an equal distance from the cities of Mediaș and Sighișoara. hidden among wooded hills and orchards. Biertan was founded in the 12th century. XIII of the Saxon colonists who loved the area for the fertile soil and the very good viticultural conditions turning it into a true "Wine Country". Biertan is one of the first German settlements in Saxony in Ardeal, being included in the "Two Chairs" (Mediaș and Sheica) in the Andreean Diploma (Andreaneum) in 1224. The locality is documented in 1283, in a document with Mediaș and Moșna [ I20], all three localities in a fierce competition to obtain the administrative center of the "Two Chairs". The name of the settlement comes from the Hungarian language, Berethalom meaning "Berth's Hill", taken in the Saxon dialect in the form of Bierthalmen, Bierthalm.            Of the nearly 300 fortified churches built between the 15th and 16th centuries, the church in Biertan has preserved its original appearance very well. The central building of the ensemble is a church-hall with three naves, vaulted in the network, built in 24 years between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, in late Gothic style with elements of Renaissance architecture. The fortress church is the last building of its kind erected in Transylvania, has the dedication of Saint Mary and has been restored by donations made by Biertan originators spread in Europe, the United States of America and Australia. The head of the restoration project, the architect Hermann Armeniu Fabini, was awarded in 1991 with the medal "Europa Nostra". The church is surrounded by 3 enclosures, with 6 towers and 3 bastions. Access to the fortress is via a covered staircase that runs beside Guard Tower, at the end of which you will find the Rock of Shame.   Inside you will find the largest polytytic altar in Transylvania, carved in wood by a Sighisoara craftsman and comprising 28 painted icons representing bible scenes painted by artists from Vienna and Nuremberg. The same craftsman from Sighişorean is the author of the magnificent gate of the sacristy, but more interesting is the door lock system, still functional, which was awarded at the 1900 World's Fair in Paris.   Visitation program for the evangelical church: May-September, daily from 10am to 1pm and 2pm to 7pm; April-October, daily from 10am to 1pm and 2pm to 5pm; winter only on request Tel: +40 269 244 165, e-mail: office@biertan.net.   Discover in Biertan! - Chamber of divorce or reconciliation in case of divorce within the fortifications - The "Lada de gureaslă" library - where the local info center operates - The oldest village pharmacy in Transylvania - The monument of the Romanian heroes of the First World War - Horror Film Festival "Full Moon" - August - Transylvania Book Festival, held every few years, in several villages around Biertan - IconArts Festival - in July you enjoy classical and contemporary music in the fortified church yard at - The painter's workshop Ion Constantinescu - The craftsmen of the village - asks Mr. Alfred Weinrich (blacksmith), by Mrs. Eugenia Cândea (stitches), by Mr. Irofrim, the carpenter, Mrs. Andreea Lenghel, who makes embroidery, or Mrs. Ana Tiriba and her workshop of traditional fabrics and embroidery. - The feed mill of Mr. Moldovan Vasile (Str. Horea no.118), which operates on Saturday from 8.00 to 13.00. - Story with the local producers and craftsmen that you will meet at the entrance to the fortress, from April to September.   Be active in a protected area and discover the surrounding hills on foot, in a cart or on a bicycle, which if you do not have with you, you can rent [I21] from the village pensions. Here are some options: o Biertan - Copşa Mare - New Săsesc - Mălâncrav, blue band route o Biertan - Dupuş - Aţel - Richiş, blue band route + blue cross + red cross o Biertan - Pelişor - red cross + red band + red cross o Biertan - Valchid - blue band + DC 24 For more routes, see recommended routes [I22] or or plan your own route [I23]